git

Table of Contents

main

개요

The stupid content tracker

소개

Git은 빠르고 확장가능하며 강력하면서도 고수준의 다양한 명령어를 제공하는 분산 버전 관리 시스템입니다.

현존하는 대부분의 오픈소스 프로젝트들은 Git으로 관리되고 있으며, 구글ㆍ마이크로소프트ㆍ애플ㆍIBMㆍ페이스북 등 거대 IT 기업들도 자신들의 프로젝트 관리를 위해 Git을 적극적으로 사용하고 있습니다.

릴리즈

현재 최신 버전은 2.16.2 입니다.

버전 최초 버전 릴리즈 날짜 최신 버전 출시일
0.99 2005-07-11 0.99.9n 2005-12-15
1.0 2005-12-21 1.0.13 2006-01-27
1.1 2006-01-08 1.1.6 2006-01-30
1.2 2006-02-12 1.2.6 2006-04-08
1.3 2006-04-18 1.3.3 2006-05-16
1.4 2006-06-10 1.4.4.5 2008-07-16
1.5 2007-02-14 1.5.6.6 2008-12-17
1.6 2008-08-17 1.6.6.3 2010-12-15
1.7 2010-02-13 1.7.12.4 2012-10-17
1.8 2012-10-21 1.8.5.6 2014-12-17
1.9 2014-02-14 1.9.5 2014-12-17
2.0 2014-05-28 2.0.5 2014-12-17
2.1 2014-08-16 2.1.4 2014-12-17
2.2 2014-11-26 2.2.3 2015-09-04
2.3 2015-02-05 2.3.10 2015-09-29
2.4 2015-04-30 2.4.12 2017-05-05
2.5 2015-07-27 2.5.6 2017-05-05
2.6 2015-09-28 2.6.7 2017-05-05
2.7 2015-10-04 2.7.5 2017-05-05
2.8 2016-03-28 2.8.5 2017-05-05
2.9 2016-06-13 2.9.4 2017-05-05
2.10 2016-09-02 2.10.3 2017-05-05
2.11 2016-11-29 2.11.2 2017-05-05
2.12 2017-02-24 2.12.3 2017-05-05
2.13 2017-05-10 2.13.4 2017-08-01
2.14 2017-08-04 2.14.3 2017-10-24
2.15 2017-10-30 2.15.1 2017-11-28
2.16 2018-01-17 2.16.2 2018-02-15

설치 방법

필요 사항

설치

Ubuntu

$ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:git-core/ppa
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install git

CentOS

$ sudo yum install git

Fedora

$ sudo yum install git-core

Arch Linux

$ sudo pacman -Sy git

Gentoo

$ sudo emerge --ask --verbose dev-vcs/git

macOS

$ brew install git

설치된 패키지

확인

$ git --version
git version 2.16.2

사용법

구조

git [--version] [--help] [-C <path>] [-c <name>=<value>]
    [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]
    [-p|--paginate|--no-pager] [--no-replace-objects] [--bare]
    [--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>] [--namespace=<name>]
    [--super-prefix=<path>]
    <command> [<args>]

옵션

2.16.2 버전을 기준으로 작성되었습니다.

  • --version : Prints the Git suite version that the git program came from.
  • --help : Prints the synopsis and a list of the most commonly used commands. If the option --all or -a is given then all available commands are printed. If a Git command is named this option will bring up the manual page for that command. Other options are available to control how the manual page is displayed. See git-help for more information, because git --help ... is converted internally into git help ....
  • -C : Run as if git was started in <path> instead of the current working directory. When multiple -C options are given, each subsequent non-absolute -C <path> is interpreted relative to the preceding -C <path>. This option affects options that expect path name like --git-dir and --work-tree in that their interpretations of the path names would be made relative to the working directory caused by the -C option. For example the following invocations are equivalent:

    git --git-dir=a.git --work-tree=b -C c status

    git --git-dir=c/a.git --work-tree=c/b status

  • -c = : Pass a configuration parameter to the command. The value given will override values from configuration files. The <name> is expected in the same format as listed by git config (subkeys separated by dots).

    Note that omitting the = in git -c foo.bar ... is allowed and sets foo.bar to the boolean true value (just like [foo]bar would in a config file). Including the equals but with an empty value (like git -c foo.bar= ...) sets foo.bar to the empty string which git config --bool will convert to false.

  • --exec-path[=] : Path to wherever your core Git programs are installed. This can also be controlled by setting the GIT_EXEC_PATH environment variable. If no path is given, git will print the current setting and then exit.
  • --html-path : Print the path, without trailing slash, where Git’s HTML documentation is installed and exit.
  • --man-path : Print the manpath (see man(1)) for the man pages for this version of Git and exit.
  • --info-path : Print the path where the Info files documenting this version of Git are installed and exit.
  • -p, --paginate : Pipe all output into less (or if set, $PAGER) if standard output is a terminal. This overrides the pager.<cmd> configuration options (see the "Configuration Mechanism" section below).
  • --no-pager : Do not pipe Git output into a pager.
  • --git-dir= : Set the path to the repository. This can also be controlled by setting the GIT_DIR environment variable. It can be an absolute path or relative path to current working directory.
  • --work-tree= : Set the path to the working tree. It can be an absolute path or a path relative to the current working directory. This can also be controlled by setting the GIT_WORK_TREE environment variable and the core.worktree configuration variable (see core.worktree in git-config for a more detailed discussion).
  • --namespace= : Set the Git namespace. See gitnamespaces for more details. Equivalent to setting the GIT_NAMESPACE environment variable.
  • --super-prefix= : Currently for internal use only. Set a prefix which gives a path from above a repository down to its root. One use is to give submodules context about the superproject that invoked it.
  • --bare : Treat the repository as a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it is set to the current working directory.
  • --no-replace-objects : Do not use replacement refs to replace Git objects. See git-replace for more information.
  • --literal-pathspecs : Treat pathspecs literally (i.e. no globbing, no pathspec magic). This is equivalent to setting the GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS environment variable to 1.
  • --glob-pathspecs : Add "glob" magic to all pathspec. This is equivalent to setting the GIT_GLOB_PATHSPECS environment variable to 1. Disabling globbing on individual pathspecs can be done using pathspec magic ":(literal)"
  • --noglob-pathspecs : Add "literal" magic to all pathspec. This is equivalent to setting the GIT_NOGLOB_PATHSPECS environment variable to 1. Enabling globbing on individual pathspecs can be done using pathspec magic ":(glob)"
  • --icase-pathspecs : Add "icase" magic to all pathspec. This is equivalent to setting the GIT_ICASE_PATHSPECS environment variable to 1.
  • --no-optional-locks : Do not perform optional operations that require locks. This is equivalent to setting the GIT_OPTIONAL_LOCKS to 0.

명령어

clone

Clone a repository into a new directory

init

Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one

add

Add file contents to the index

mv

Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink

reset

Reset current HEAD to the specified state

rm

Remove files from the working tree and from the index

bisect

Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug

grep

Print lines matching a pattern

log

Show commit logs

show

Show various types of objects

status

Show the working tree status

branch

List, create, or delete branches

checkout

Switch branches or restore working tree files

commit

Record changes to the repository

diff

Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc

merge

Join two or more development histories together

rebase

Reapply commits on top of another base tip

tag

Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG

fetch

Download objects and refs from another repository

pull

Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch

push

Update remote refs along with associated objects

참고자료

Date: 2018-02-24

Author: Dongsoo Lee

Created: 2018-12-10 Mon 03:13

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